Joseph Damer, 1st Earl of Dorchester (London, England, 12th March 1718 – Dorset, England, 12th January 1798)
Today marks the birthday of Joseph Damer, 1st Earl of Dorchester. The Earl enjoyed great wealth and privilege and made a career in Parliament yet he is not remembered for his political wiles, but for the town that he created.
The ambitious Damer bought Milton Abbey in Dorset with the intention of tearing down the older buildings on the estate and replacing them with a brand new mansion. Not only that, but the parkland would be completely landscaped by the greatest names of the day. With this in mind he engaged Capability Brown, who was charged with transforming the grounds of the house. Key to Damer's plan was the construction of an ornamental lake yet right on the spot he had earmarked for this particular water feature there just happened to be a fully populated, albeit small town named Middleton.
Brown and the architect Sir William Chambers were now charged with designing a brand new village for the residents of Milton, well-away from the Abbey and nowhere where they might disturb the peace of the Earl. To this end the village of Milton Abbas was created from scratch and those residents of Middleton who did not move away under their own steam were shifted into their new homes. With the town now empty, Damer could proceed with his plans and most of Middleton was razed to the ground in the latter years of the 1770s.
However, there was one dissenting voice as lawyer William Harrison refused to give up the four leases he held on property in Middleton. Not to be deterred, Damer attempted to flood Harrison out of his house and the outraged man took the Earl to court. It must have come as something of a surprise to Damer when the court ruled in favour of Harrison and he returned home to Middleton in triumph. Harrison could not live forever though and when he passed away the frustrated Damer could now complete his ambitious project, finally achieving his dream of utter seclusion.